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Maintaining Cosmesis in Cancer in Jalandhar Once diagnosed with cancer , patients suffer at multiple levels and one of them is cosmesis, that is maintaining his or her own body shape and structure as before. The common cancers which can affect cosmesis are cancer of breast , head and neck cancer and skin cancers. Psychologically , women are affected more than men. The main reason behind the distortion of body image is surgery of the affected area and chemotherapy. Surgery can lead to inequality in the shape and size of the organ affected and can be very traumatic especially in cancer breast when the affected breast is completely removed. Second concern is the sudden and complete loss of hair from scalp and eyebrows due to chemotherapy. Nowadays , with the advancement in technology, optimal cosmetical outcome is equally important as the outcome of the whole treatment. The surgical field has narrowed down from complete excision of the breast to only removal of the lump so that the shape of the breast is preserved. This requires a complete team work between the surgeon and the oncologist. Even for patients in whom complete surgery has to be done, breast reconstruction can be done with various techniques. These days, saline and silicone implants are most commonly used as they are safe and give good cosmesis. Plastic surgeons are also more frequently involved during cancer surgeries so that a good facial and body reconstruction is done in the same go. Chemotherapy induced hair loss is reversible and normal hair grow once the treatment is over. Hair loss can be prevented by scalp cooling during chemotherapy infusion. Also regular oil massage and good diet can help hair grow faster. Thus , patients of cancer breast can maintain good cosmesis with proper treatment guidelines and adoption of newer techniques. CANCER SPECIALIST DOCTOR IN JALANDHAR
HEAVY PERIODS Many women think that heavy periods are a normal fact of life – ‘my mum suffered it and I am suffering it’ therefore it is considered a normal part of womanhood. Heavy periods are very common in women, and usually are not a sign of anything serious – but they can cause a big disruption to your life. Heavy periods can cause tiredness from low iron in the blood, or less commonly, anemia (low red blood cells). Best lady gynecologist hospital in Jalandhar DO YOU FIND HEAVY PERIODS A PROBLEM? You may find it hard to judge whether your periods are heavy. Even talking to friends about it may not help. Women often have different ideas about what it means to have heavy periods. Here's a list of things that may mean your periods are heavy. >You use more than nine pads or tampons (or both pads and tampons) on your heaviest days. >You have to wear both a tampon and a pad (double protection). >Your period lasts more than six days. >You have to get up at night to change your protection. >You pass clots of blood. >You stain your bedding or clothes despite wearing tampons and pads. >You stay at home during your period because you are worried about having an 'accident'. >You feel tired, especially during your period. This could mean your body is low on iron. Doctors call this anemia. It happens when your body is not able to make enough new red blood cells to make up for blood you lost during your period. Your doctor can find out if you have anemia by testing a sample of your blood. If your red cell count is low, you may need treatment, such as iron tablets, to help you make more red cells. Best gyne hospital in Jalandhar
Tongue cancer Several types of cancer grow in the tongue, but squamous cell carcinoma is the most common. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that line the mouth and other organs. There are two types of tongue cancer: Cancer of the oral tongue. The front two-thirds of the tongue that you can stick out is called the oral tongue. Cancer of the base of the tongue. The base is the back one-third of the tongue that extends down the throat. The treatment for tongue cancer depends on the size of the cancer and whether or not it has spread to the lymph nodes in your neck. surgery radiotherapy chemotherapy Best tongue cancer doctor in Jalandhar
Chest Surgery Chest surgery is a gender-affirming, masculinizing, top surgery that removes breast tissue and forms remaining tissue into a shape that is typically considered to be more masculine. What are the different techniques used for chest surgery? There are many different techniques that can be used for chest surgery. The technique used depends on factors like cup size and skin elasticity, as well as the size and position of your nipples. The three most common techniques are described below. Your surgeon will recommend a technique suited to your body shape and goals. Keyhole This technique is recommended for people with an A cup-size and lots of chest skin elasticity. A small incision is made along the bottom of the areola. Breast tissue is removed via a liposuction needle through the incision. The incision is closed. The nipple is usually not resized or repositioned. Results in: A small scar on the lower part of the areola. Nipples with sensations Best chest surgery doctor in jalandhar Best chest surgery treatment in jalandhar
Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. Sometimes the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin that the veins bulge and get irritated, especially when you poop.Hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of rectal bleeding. Hemorrhoids treatment in jalandhar Hemorrhoids doctor in jalandhar
Gynecology Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly. Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery. Surgical procedures Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are: Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test. Best Gynecology doctor in jalandhar
Radical Hysterectomy Radical Hysterectomy surgery at Bhargava Hospital Advanced Gyne Surgery Cancer Center includes removal of the uterus, tubes and ovaries of both the sides (ovaries may be spared in young women), upper half of vagina , parametric (most of cardinal and uterosacral ligaments) and the draining primary cervical lymph nodes ( parametric ), obturator, internal and external iliac groups , and sometimes common iliac. Sacral group is not removed . Parametric lymph node is sampled and sent for frozen section biopsy , radiation therapy is to be considered if lymph nodes found involved. Radical Hysterectomy surgery in Jalandhar Radical Hysterectomy Doctor in Jalandhar
CERVICAL CANCER Cervical cancer is a disease of the cervix part of a woman's reproductive system. •The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus and connects the uterus to the vagina, forming the birth canal. •Cervical cancer is the world's second most common cancer in woman. Cervical cancer treatment in Jalandhar Cervical cancer doctor in Jalandhar
Why thyroidectomy is done? A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as: Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option. Thyroid treatment in Jalandhar Goitre (Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goitre that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goitre is causing hyperthyroidism. Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. If you have problems with anti-thyroid drugs and don't want radioactive iodine therapy, thyroidectomy may be an option. Thyroidectomy specialist in Jalandhar Risks Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications. Potential complications include: Bleeding Infection Airway obstruction caused by bleeding Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood. What you can expect Before the procedure Surgeons perform thyroidectomy during general anaesthesia. You may have a drain under the incision in your neck. This drain is usually removed the morning after surgery. After a thyroidectomy, you may experience neck pain and temporarily hoarse or weak voice. You'll be able to eat and drink as usual after surgery. Depending on the type of surgery you had, you may be able to go home the day of your procedure or your doctor may recommend you stay overnight in the hospital which provides you best medical services in the hospital for patients in Jalandhar . When you go home, you can usually return to your regular activities. Wait at least 10 days to two weeks before doing anything vigorous. Results The long-term effects of thyroidectomy depend on how much of the thyroid is removed. Partial thyroidectomy If only part of your thyroid is removed, the remaining portion typically takes over the function of the entire thyroid gland, and you might not need thyroid hormone therapy. Total thyroidectomy If your entire thyroid is removed, you'll need to take a pill every day that contains the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid). This hormone replacement is identical to the hormone normally made by your thyroid gland and performs all of the same functions. Dr Rupinder Bhargava Surgical Oncologist BHARGAVA ADVANCED GYNE SURGERY CANCER CENTRE In Jalandhar
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