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10 facts and effects of ECPs like iPill or Unwanted72, Every Woman Must Know About Emergency Contraceptive Pill: Emergency contraceptive pill is a pill used by a woman after having an unprotected intercourse to prevent her from getting pregnant. It is sometimes called "the morning after pill, " "the day after pill, " or "morning after contraception or postcoital pill. the term ”morning after pill” is misleading; ECPs may be initiated sooner than the morning after—immediately after unprotected intercourse—or later—for at least 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. ECPs are considered 96-98% effective in preventing pregnancy. The word “Emergency” is important to note. If you are sexually active or planning to be, don't use emergency contraception as your only protection against pregnancy. Many youths in India are using ECPs like I pill & Unwanted 72 without caring about their after effects on the health of the girl. Most youngsters have unprotected sex depending on these emergency contraceptive pills. However, i-pill or any other emergency pill is not a contraceptive pill you can depend on daily. With the fabulous marketing that these pills do, it has succeeded in making it one of India’s most favored ‘emergency contraceptive pills’. In a country like India where people only expect you to have sex after getting married, these advertisements are highly misleading. But before you think of it as a miracle pill, you should know about the dangerous side effects of these emergency contraceptive pills. Given below are 10 facts about the emergency pill that every sexually active woman must know about and ask their partner for a much safer option like condom. 1. The emergency contraceptive pill is not an abortion pill. It stops pregnancy but cannot terminate it. Therefore it is ineffective if a woman is already pregnant. 2. The pill is to be taken soon after unprotected sex. It should be taken preferably within 24 hours and before 72 hours or else the pill may turn useless. Emergency contraceptive pill is about 96-98% effective only if taken in time. 3. It does not offer protection against HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases. 4. If you are on long-term medication for any ailment, consult a doctor before taking the emergency contraceptive pill. 5. Nausea, breast tenderness, delayed menstruation, lower abdominal ache, headache, vomiting and irregular menstruation are some of the temporary side-effects of the emergency contraceptive pill. However, these effects subside within a day or two depending on the metabolism of the woman. 6. The emergency contraceptive pill is to be used only as an emergency contraceptive method. It should not be used as a regular contraceptive method and is quite unhealthy if taken more than twice a month. 7. According to researchers, emergency pill can reduce sexual interest; lead to skin allergies and also prepone periods in some women. Other women complain of severe headache which is a result of hormonal imbalance. 8. A woman who has an allergy to Levonorgestrel (contraceptive pills) must consult a doctor before taking the contraceptive pill. 9. The emergency pill is only safe for women between the ages of 25 and 45. It is not the best contraceptive method for teenagers. With the rate of teenage pregnancy growing in India, there is need to educate the youth about the harmful side effects of the i-pill on a developing reproductive system. 10. The emergency contraceptives are hormonal pills and its long time usage can lead to severe menstrual problems or even ovarian damage. Gynecologist in Jalandhar near bus stand Gynecologist doctor in Jalandhar
Gynecology Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly. Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery. Surgical procedures Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are: Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test. Best Gynecology doctor in jalandhar
Ovarian cancer Treatment in Jalandhar Ovarian cancer is often called “The Silent Killer” because the symptoms are so nonspecific and are often blamed on something else. Thus it is possible to have been experiencing early warning signs of this disease for years and not realize anything is seriously wrong. This is very understandable, as the symptoms, if they are seen at all, most often seem benign at first. However, if you have had one or more of these symptoms for several weeks or months, please consider calling your physician and scheduling a check-up. Cancer is a scary word and most people would prefer to just assume everything is fine and hope whatever is bothering them simply “goes away.” However, consider that ovarian cancer statistics show that 70% to 80% of diagnoses are made in late stages when the prognosis is not so good. To give yourself the best chance at long-term survival and even a complete cure, these are 7 of the symptoms to watch out for: 1. Persistent indigestion. 2. Bloating, feeling of fullness, tightness of clothes. 3. Painful intercourse, or dyspareunia. 4. Pelvic discomfort or pain. 5. Unexplained weight loss or weight gain. 6. Leg pain. 7. Change in character of menstrual periods. Ovarian cancer hospital in Jalandhar
Ovarian cyst treatment in Jalandhar Ovarian cyst are fluid-filled sacs within or on the surface of an ovary. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time during their lives. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months. Ovarian cyst — especially those that have ruptured — sometimes produce serious symptoms. The symptoms of ovarian cyst, if present, may include: • Menstrual irregularities • Pelvic pain — a constant or intermittent dull ache that may radiate to your lower back and thighs • Pelvic pain shortly before your period begins or just before it ends • Pelvic pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) • Pain during bowel movements or pressure on your bowels • Nausea, vomiting or breast tenderness similar to that experienced during pregnancy • Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen • Pressure on your rectum or bladder that causes a need to urinate more frequently or difficulty emptying your bladder completely. Infrequent complications associated with ovarian cysts include: • Ovarian torsion- Cysts that become large may cause the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion. • A cyst that ruptures may cause severe pain and lead to internal bleeding. To identify the type of cyst, your doctor may perform the following procedures: Pregnancy test Pelvic ultrasound Laparoscopy CA 125 blood test The treatment depends upon the type/ stage of the cyst; or the presence of complications. Please talk to your gynecologist for treatment options.
ENDOMETRIOSIS Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. Symptoms The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time. Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: • Pelvic pain • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) • Pain with intercourse • Pain with bowel movements or urination. • Excessive bleeding • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility. • fatigue • diarrhea • constipation • bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all. Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis. Causes Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include: • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory, " experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells. • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty. • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision. • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body. • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus. Risk factors Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as: • Never giving birth • Starting your period at an early age • Going through menopause at an older age • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces • Low body mass index • Alcohol consumption • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body • Uterine abnormalities Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen. Complications • Impaired fertility. Diagnosis • Pelvic exam • Transvaginal ultrasound • Laparoscopy. Treatment • Medications : Pain medications • Hormone therapy • Progestin therapy • Surgery ENDOMETRIOSIS TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR
Oncologist Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor in Jalandhar Dr Rupinder Bhargava who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation. A medical oncologist in Jalandhar treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy. A surgical oncologist in Jalandhar removes the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies. A radiation oncologist in Jalandhar treats cancer using radiation therapy. Other types of oncologists include the following: A gynecologic oncologist in Jalandhar treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine cancer and cervical cancer. A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers, such as certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. But they sometimes occur in adults. In these cases, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist. A hematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. The role of the oncologist An oncologist oversees a patient’s care from the cancer diagnosis throughout the course of the disease. The oncologist’s role includes the following: Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage to the patient Discussing all relevant treatment options and the oncologist’s recommendations Delivering high-quality, compassionate care Helping the patient manage cancer-related pain and other symptoms or treatment side effects A person with cancer is often treated by a team of oncologists who specialize in different areas of oncology. This approach is helpful because cancer treatment frequently involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Other medical professionals may also be involved in a patient’s care: Oncology doctor in Jalandhar
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT ADVOCATED IN STAGE 2 OF BREAST CANCER? In stage 2A, the tumour is smaller than 2 centimetres and has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or it’s between 2 and 5 centimetres and hasn’t spread to lymph nodes. Stage 2B means the tumour is between 2 and 5 centimetres and has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or it’s larger than 5 centimetres and hasn’t spread beyond the breast. You’ll probably need a combination of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or hormone treatment. Lumpectomy and mastectomy may both be options depending on the size and location of the tumour. A modified radical mastectomy is a removal of the breast including chest muscles. Radiation therapy targets any remaining cancer cells in the chest and/or lymph nodes. In Chemotherapy, powerful drugs are delivered intravenously over the course of many weeks or months. After all other treatment is complete, you may benefit from continued treatment for ER+, PR+, and HER2+ breast cancers. Oral medications are generally prescribed for five years. stage 2 breast cancer hospital in Jalandhar
Ovarian Cysts The ovaries are the very important part of a female body. They are a in a pair in the female reproductive system and are located one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and are also the main source of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. They influence the development of a woman's breasts, body shape, and body hair. They also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac, and can be located anywhere in the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. Different types of cysts can form in the ovary. Many cysts are completely normal. These are called functional cysts and these are very commonly found. They occur during egg formation. Functional cysts normally shrink over time, usually in few months. If you have a functional cyst, you may need a check-up once again in 1 to 2 months to make sure that the cyst has become smaller or has it completely resolved. These cysts are almost never associated with cancer. But if you are menopausal and are not having periods, you will not have functional cysts. The other types of cysts are chocolate cyst, Simple cyst, or dermoid cyst. Many women have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms. In some the cyst will cause these problems: Pressure, fullness, or pain in the abdomen Pain during sexual intercourse Painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding Nausea or vomiting To identify the type of cyst, the following tests are needed: 1. Pelvic ultrasound 2. CA 125 blood test- It is a tumour marker and is often elevated in ovarian cancer. The ovarian cysts can be treated in the following ways- 1. Wait and watch- The patient waits and gets re-examined in one to three months to see if the cyst has changed in size. This is a common treatment option for women who are in their childbearing years, have no symptoms, and have a simple cyst less than 5 cm size. 2. Surgery- If the cyst does not go away after few menstrual cycles, has become larger, or looks unusual on the ultrasound, causes pain, or the woman is postmenopausal, then there is a need to remove it. There are two surgical methods- Laparoscopy-if the cyst is small and looks non-cancerous on the ultrasound, CA-125 is normal then laparoscopy can be done. This procedure is done under general anaesthesia. Very small incisions of 0.5 to 1.0 cm are needed in this surgery. Open Surgery-if the cyst is solid and looks suspicious, then open surgery is needed. The incision in open surgery is quite big. Gynecologist in Jalandhar near bus stand list of gynaecologist doctors in jalandhar
Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus). The HPV test can identify high-risk HPV before cancer develops. 💥Know the Facts: HPV + Your Health💥: • The human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual intercourse or direct genital contact with an infected partner. • Even if you’re not currently infected with the virus, chances are you have been. An estimated 75 to 80 percent of adults (men and women) have had the virus by the time they are 50. • Most of the time, your immune system fights off the virus just as it does a cold or flu virus. In fact, 75 to 90 percent of HPV infections disappear within a year. • High-risk HPV infections do not cause symptoms, and cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is at a very advanced stage. • High-risk HPV can only be detected with an HPV test. What does a positive HPV test result mean? • First, it does not mean you have cervical cancer. • If your Pap test is normal but you have HPV, your health care provider canmonitor you so that any cell changes can be caught early, before they causeproblems. • If you test positive for HPV two times in a row, even if your Pap test is normal, you will need additional tests. • While there is no way to get rid of the virus itself, the abnormal cells can betreated, preventing them from becoming cancerous. Preventing Cervical Cancer: An Ages and Stages Guide Protect yourself against cervical cancer by knowing which prevention strategy to choose and when. Here’s a quick look: HPV Vaccine: • Highly effective in protecting against the most common types of HPV that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer. • Recommended for girls ages 11 and 12, although it is approved for girls and young women ages 9 to 26. Ideally, the vaccine should be given before a girl or woman becomes sexually active. Pap Test: • Evaluates cells from the cervix for abnormalities, including precancerous and cancerous changes. • Women 21 and older should have Pap tests regularly. HPV Test: • Detects the high-risk types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer before cervical disease or cancer develops. • When combined with a Pap test, the HPV test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone. • Recommended for women 30 years of age and older. Identifying the virus in younger women wouldn’t be helpful because HPV is so common and cervical cancer so rare in younger women. If you are age 30 or older, schedule your HPV test today! Cancer Specialist In Jalandhar Best Oncologist in Jalandhar
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