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10 facts and effects of ECPs like iPill or Unwanted72, Every Woman Must Know About Emergency Contraceptive Pill: Emergency contraceptive pill is a pill used by a woman after having an unprotected intercourse to prevent her from getting pregnant. It is sometimes called "the morning after pill, " "the day after pill, " or "morning after contraception or postcoital pill. the term ”morning after pill” is misleading; ECPs may be initiated sooner than the morning after—immediately after unprotected intercourse—or later—for at least 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. ECPs are considered 96-98% effective in preventing pregnancy. The word “Emergency” is important to note. If you are sexually active or planning to be, don't use emergency contraception as your only protection against pregnancy. Many youths in India are using ECPs like I pill & Unwanted 72 without caring about their after effects on the health of the girl. Most youngsters have unprotected sex depending on these emergency contraceptive pills. However, i-pill or any other emergency pill is not a contraceptive pill you can depend on daily. With the fabulous marketing that these pills do, it has succeeded in making it one of India’s most favored ‘emergency contraceptive pills’. In a country like India where people only expect you to have sex after getting married, these advertisements are highly misleading. But before you think of it as a miracle pill, you should know about the dangerous side effects of these emergency contraceptive pills. Given below are 10 facts about the emergency pill that every sexually active woman must know about and ask their partner for a much safer option like condom. 1. The emergency contraceptive pill is not an abortion pill. It stops pregnancy but cannot terminate it. Therefore it is ineffective if a woman is already pregnant. 2. The pill is to be taken soon after unprotected sex. It should be taken preferably within 24 hours and before 72 hours or else the pill may turn useless. Emergency contraceptive pill is about 96-98% effective only if taken in time. 3. It does not offer protection against HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases. 4. If you are on long-term medication for any ailment, consult a doctor before taking the emergency contraceptive pill. 5. Nausea, breast tenderness, delayed menstruation, lower abdominal ache, headache, vomiting and irregular menstruation are some of the temporary side-effects of the emergency contraceptive pill. However, these effects subside within a day or two depending on the metabolism of the woman. 6. The emergency contraceptive pill is to be used only as an emergency contraceptive method. It should not be used as a regular contraceptive method and is quite unhealthy if taken more than twice a month. 7. According to researchers, emergency pill can reduce sexual interest; lead to skin allergies and also prepone periods in some women. Other women complain of severe headache which is a result of hormonal imbalance. 8. A woman who has an allergy to Levonorgestrel (contraceptive pills) must consult a doctor before taking the contraceptive pill. 9. The emergency pill is only safe for women between the ages of 25 and 45. It is not the best contraceptive method for teenagers. With the rate of teenage pregnancy growing in India, there is need to educate the youth about the harmful side effects of the i-pill on a developing reproductive system. 10. The emergency contraceptives are hormonal pills and its long time usage can lead to severe menstrual problems or even ovarian damage. Gynecologist in Jalandhar near bus stand Gynecologist doctor in Jalandhar
ENDOMETRIOSIS Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. Symptoms The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time. Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: • Pelvic pain • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) • Pain with intercourse • Pain with bowel movements or urination. • Excessive bleeding • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility. • fatigue • diarrhea • constipation • bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all. Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis. Causes Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include: • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory, " experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells. • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty. • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision. • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body. • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus. Risk factors Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as: • Never giving birth • Starting your period at an early age • Going through menopause at an older age • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces • Low body mass index • Alcohol consumption • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body • Uterine abnormalities Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen. Complications • Impaired fertility. Diagnosis • Pelvic exam • Transvaginal ultrasound • Laparoscopy. Treatment • Medications : Pain medications • Hormone therapy • Progestin therapy • Surgery ENDOMETRIOSIS TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR
Gynecology Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly. Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery. Surgical procedures Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are: Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test. Best Gynecology doctor in jalandhar
Ovarian cancer Treatment in Jalandhar Ovarian cancer is often called “The Silent Killer” because the symptoms are so nonspecific and are often blamed on something else. Thus it is possible to have been experiencing early warning signs of this disease for years and not realize anything is seriously wrong. This is very understandable, as the symptoms, if they are seen at all, most often seem benign at first. However, if you have had one or more of these symptoms for several weeks or months, please consider calling your physician and scheduling a check-up. Cancer is a scary word and most people would prefer to just assume everything is fine and hope whatever is bothering them simply “goes away.” However, consider that ovarian cancer statistics show that 70% to 80% of diagnoses are made in late stages when the prognosis is not so good. To give yourself the best chance at long-term survival and even a complete cure, these are 7 of the symptoms to watch out for: 1. Persistent indigestion. 2. Bloating, feeling of fullness, tightness of clothes. 3. Painful intercourse, or dyspareunia. 4. Pelvic discomfort or pain. 5. Unexplained weight loss or weight gain. 6. Leg pain. 7. Change in character of menstrual periods. Ovarian cancer hospital in Jalandhar
Ovarian cyst treatment in Jalandhar Ovarian cyst are fluid-filled sacs within or on the surface of an ovary. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time during their lives. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months. Ovarian cyst — especially those that have ruptured — sometimes produce serious symptoms. The symptoms of ovarian cyst, if present, may include: • Menstrual irregularities • Pelvic pain — a constant or intermittent dull ache that may radiate to your lower back and thighs • Pelvic pain shortly before your period begins or just before it ends • Pelvic pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) • Pain during bowel movements or pressure on your bowels • Nausea, vomiting or breast tenderness similar to that experienced during pregnancy • Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen • Pressure on your rectum or bladder that causes a need to urinate more frequently or difficulty emptying your bladder completely. Infrequent complications associated with ovarian cysts include: • Ovarian torsion- Cysts that become large may cause the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion. • A cyst that ruptures may cause severe pain and lead to internal bleeding. To identify the type of cyst, your doctor may perform the following procedures: Pregnancy test Pelvic ultrasound Laparoscopy CA 125 blood test The treatment depends upon the type/ stage of the cyst; or the presence of complications. Please talk to your gynecologist for treatment options.
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