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One of the major causes of lung cancer is smoking. Of course, there are other causes of lung cancer as well. Some of them include exposure to asbestos, polluted air, radon, etc. Let's check out some of the key lung cancer risk factors in more detail. This will provide a more comprehensive answer to "what causes lung cancer". 1. Cigarette smoking 2. Second hand smoke 3. Exposure to asbestos 4. Exposure to radon Best Cancer Hospital in Jalandhar
Oral Cancer Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth. Oral cancer also known as mouth cancer.Most oral cancers begin in the flat cells that cover the surfaces of your mouth, tongue, and lips. Anyone can get oral cancer, but the risk is higher if you are male, use tobacco, drink lots of alcohol, have HPV, or have a history of head or neck cancer. Frequent sun exposure is also a risk factor for lip cancer. Symptoms of oral cancer include White or red patches in your mouth A mouth sore that won't heal Bleeding in your mouth Loose teeth Problems or pain with swallowing A lump in your neck An earache Tests to diagnose oral cancer include a physical exam, endoscopy, biopsy, and imaging tests. Oral cancer treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Some patients have a combination of treatments. Best oral cancer hospital in jalandhar best oral cancer doctor in jalandhar oral cancer treatment in jalandhar
Oral Cancer Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth. Oral cancer also known as mouth cancer.Most oral cancers begin in the flat cells that cover the surfaces of your mouth, tongue, and lips. Anyone can get oral cancer, but the risk is higher if you are male, use tobacco, drink lots of alcohol, have HPV, or have a history of head or neck cancer. Frequent sun exposure is also a risk factor for lip cancer. Symptoms of oral cancer include White or red patches in your mouth A mouth sore that won't heal Bleeding in your mouth Loose teeth Problems or pain with swallowing A lump in your neck An earache Tests to diagnose oral cancer include a physical exam, endoscopy, biopsy, and imaging tests. Oral cancer treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Some patients have a combination of treatments. Best oral cancer hospital in jalandhar best oral cancer doctor in jalandhar oral cancer treatment in jalandhar
Precautions to be taken to avoid cancer of the skin • Dark coloured moles and warts that become itchy or bleed or ulcerate should be removed. • Recurrent blisters on the lip should be carefully examined. • Fair-skinned people should avoid overexposure to direct sun-rays. • Keep skin clean at all times. Cancer control • Most important is prevention of cancer by change of lifestyles. • Complete annual physical examination should be done regularly. Women over 35 years of age should be examined once a year. • Prompt visit to physician when suspicious signs or symptoms appear. • Confirming diagnosis at the earliest followed by adequate treatment. • Educate yourself. Knowledge of the character of cancer, its causes, mode of spread are critical • Value early diagnosis and adequate treatment as a means of protection. Skin Cancer Treatment In Jalandhar Best Cancer doctor In Jalandhar
Lung Cancer: The Big Picture Lung cancer is the top cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. But this wasn't always the case. Prior to the widespread use of mechanical cigarette rollers, lung cancer was rare. Today, smoking causes nearly nine out of 10 lung cancer deaths, while radon gas, pollution, and other chemical exposures play a smaller role. Newly-developed drugs provide new hope for those diagnosed today. Lung cancer treatment in Jalandhar
Lung cancer facts • Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of "cancer, " we are referring to those tumors that are malignant. Benign tumors usually can be removed and do not spread to other parts of the body. Lung cancer Treatment in Jalandhar
ENDOMETRIOSIS Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. Symptoms The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time. Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: • Pelvic pain • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) • Pain with intercourse • Pain with bowel movements or urination. • Excessive bleeding • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility. • fatigue • diarrhea • constipation • bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all. Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis. Causes Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include: • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory, " experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells. • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty. • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision. • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body. • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus. Risk factors Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as: • Never giving birth • Starting your period at an early age • Going through menopause at an older age • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces • Low body mass index • Alcohol consumption • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body • Uterine abnormalities Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen. Complications • Impaired fertility. Diagnosis • Pelvic exam • Transvaginal ultrasound • Laparoscopy. Treatment • Medications : Pain medications • Hormone therapy • Progestin therapy • Surgery ENDOMETRIOSIS TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR
Breast health Breast health begins with a sense of what's normal for your breasts (breast awareness). For many women, breast health includes concerns about breast lumps, breast pain or nipple discharge. Know what's normal — and when to consult your doctor. WHAT ARE THE TIPS TO MAINTAIN BREAST HEALTH? To promote breast health, consider doing the following: Maintain Healthy Weight: Women who are overweight and obese have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Oestrogen-sensitive tissues in the breast are exposed to more oestrogen in obese women than those who are of a healthy weight, and this can stimulate the growth of breast cancer. In addition, women with a body mass index of 30 or higher tend to be diagnosed with a more advanced disease than women with a lower BMI. They also face lower survival rates and a greater risk of the metastasis. Maintaining a healthy weight can eliminate this preventable risk factor and help you improve your breast health. Exercise Regularly: Physical exercise can help boost your immune system, defend against obesity, and reduce levels of insulin and oestrogen in the body, all of which can help prevent breast cancer. Plus, it can help boost bone mass, which is vital for women who have undergone endocrine therapy and chemotherapy. Take Vitamins: Low vitamin D levels have been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. In addition, low levels can increase disease recurrence and lower survival rates in women with breast cancer. Getting enough sun exposure, or getting vitamin D through supplements or fortified foods, is an important step in improving your breast health. Intake of Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Studies have shown that the higher the amount of omega- 3 fatty acids in the body, the lower the incidence of metastasis. Maintaining Hormone Levels: Hormones play a significant role in breast cancer. Anything that changes your hormone levels in an unnatural way, such as hormone-replacement therapy or contraceptives, can increase your risk of breast cancer because they can lead to excess oestrogen compounds. Get Regular Breast Cancer Screenings: Whether you book an appointment for a mammogram or clinical breast exam at a doctor’s office or take self-breast exams in the shower, make sure to screen for breast cancer regularly. Detecting the disease in its early stages is the number one way to increase your chances of survival. Breast Cancer specialist in Jalandhar
Oral cancer Oral cancer begins in the mouth (oral cavity). This region of the body includes the lips, the inside lining of the lips and cheeks, the teeth, the gums, most of the tongue, the bottom of the mouth, and roof of the mouth. It can also develop in the throat. Cancer can develop in any part of the oral cavity. Because each part of the oral cavity is different, oral cancer encompasses a wide variety of cancer types that are treated in different ways. Some of the most common oral cancer symptoms and signs include persistent mouth sore, a lump or thickening in the cheek, a white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, sore throat, difficulty swallowing or chewing, difficulty moving the jaw or tongue, numbness of the tongue or elsewhere in the mouth, swelling of the jaw, loosening of the teeth, pain in the teeth or jaw, voice changes, weight loss and persistent bad breath. Risk factors include gender (more common in men than women), age, exposure to ultraviolet rays, family history and consumption of tobacco, alcohol, gutkha etc. Oral Cancer treatment in Jalandhar Cancer Specialist Hospital In Jalandhar
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