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Just after your Cancer surgery You are likely to be sleepy. Exactly how sleepy you are and how quickly you recover depends on the type of operation, and the type and length of your anesthetic. People vary in how they feel straight after a general anesthetic. Some people feel fine but others feel • groggy • cold • sick • a bit confused • sad • anxious • tearful When you first go back to the ward the nurses carry on checking you – at first this is every 15 minutes. They gradually check you less often as you recover, so that within a few hours it is every 4 hours. The checks include your blood pressure, pulse, temperature and your wound. You have a dressing over your wound. You might have some tubes near it to drain any fluid that builds up. You have a drip giving you fluids into a vein until you can eat and drink again. You might also have a tube in your bladder called a catheter. This stays in until you can get up to pass urine normally. Pain control Pain can usually be very well controlled after surgery. Your doctors and nurses give you painkillers by drip or as tablets or liquids if you need them. For some operations you might have an injection of anesthetic into nearby nerves (a nerve block). This can work very well to control pain. You might also have a small pump attached to a drip so that you can give your own pain medicine as you need it. It is important that pain is well controlled, so do tell your nurse if you don’t think it is working well enough. As well as making you more comfortable, the painkillers also help you to move around and breathe properly, which helps with your recovery. Any pain gradually gets better as your wound heals. Possible problems after surgery There are some possible problems after any surgery. These include • wound infection • chest infection • blood clots • fluid collection around the wound Your doctors and nurses do their best to prevent you getting these complications. They ask you to help yourself too. Getting up and moving around as soon as possible after your operation helps to prevent chest infections and blood clots. A physiotherapist might also teach you breathing exercises to help prevent chest infections. To help prevent blood clots they teach you leg exercises and give you elastic stockings to wear while you are in bed. Your nurses might give you an injection just under the skin to minimise the risk of blood clots. After some types of operation, you might carry on having these injections for 4 weeks. Before you go home, your nurse might teach you to do these injections yourself. Or a district nurse might come to your house to do them. You might have antibiotics to help prevent infection. You may have them through your drip at first. But once you are eating and drinking, you can take them as tablets. You might also have drainage tubes close to the wound to stop fluid collecting around the operation site. This is important because, as well as being uncomfortable or painful, fluid that doesn't drain away can become infected. Below is a short video showing breathing and circulation exercises after surgery. Click on the arrow to watch it. Eating and drinking again When you can eat and drink again depends on the type of operation you had. Most people can drink and then eat on the day of their operation. After some operations, such as bowel surgery, you might not be able to eat until the next day. This is because your bowel takes time to start working again. When you do begin eating and drinking you might need to start slowly. Your nurses may suggest that you start with sips of water as soon as you are fully awake and then build up gradually. They will tell you when and what you can eat and drink. They might give you a carbohydrate rich drink to give you energy and help your recovery. Getting up and about How quickly you can get out of bed and move around depends on the type of operation you had. For most operations you get up the same day or the next day. Your nurses and the physiotherapist tell you when you can get up. They help you if you can't move around easily by yourself. It is good to get moving as soon as possible. This helps you recover and reduces the chances of other problems, such as a chest infection and blood clots. Seeing people Seeing people after an operation can be tiring. But as soon as you feel up to it, you can have visitors. It might help to tell people beforehand whether you are likely to have a drip or any other tubes so that they know what to expect. This is especially important for children. cancer specialist doctor in Punjab
What Are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer? There are no warning signs of early prostate cancer. Once a tumor causes the prostate gland to swell, or once cancer spreads beyond the prostate, the following symptoms may happen: A frequent need to urinate, especially at night Difficulty starting or stopping a stream of urine A weak or interrupted urinary stream Leaking of urine when laughing or coughing Inability to urinate standing up A painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation Blood in urine or semen These are not symptoms of the cancer itself; instead, they are caused by the blockage from the cancer growth in the prostate. They can also be caused by an enlarged, noncancerous prostate or by a urinary tract infection. Prostate Cancer doctor in Jalandhar Symptoms of advanced prostate cancer include: Dull, deep pain or stiffness in the pelvis, lower back, ribs, or upper thighs; pain in the bones of those areas Loss of weight and appetite, fatigue, nausea, or vomiting Swelling of the lower extremities Weakness or paralysis in the lower limbs, often with constipation Call Your Doctor About Prostate Cancer If: You have trouble urinating or find that urination is painful or different from normal; your doctor should examine your prostate gland to determine whether it is enlarged, inflamed with an infection, or cancerous. You have chronic pain in your lower back, pelvis, upper thighbones, or other bones. Pain in these areas can be caused by different things, including the spread of prostate cancer. You have unexplained weight loss. You have swelling in your legs. You have weakness in your legs or difficulty walking, especially if you also have constipation. Prostate Cancer Treatment in Jalandhar
Happy Holi “I may not put colors on your face in this colorful festival but I am praying God to add more and more colors to your life. Wish you Happy Holi.”. The greatest wealth is health . Lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being, while movement and methodical physical exercise save it and preserve it.
Gynecology Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly. Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery. Surgical procedures Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are: Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test. Best Gynecology doctor in jalandhar
Why thyroidectomy is done? A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as: Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option. Thyroid treatment in Jalandhar Goitre (Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goitre that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goitre is causing hyperthyroidism. Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. If you have problems with anti-thyroid drugs and don't want radioactive iodine therapy, thyroidectomy may be an option. Thyroidectomy specialist in Jalandhar Risks Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications. Potential complications include: Bleeding Infection Airway obstruction caused by bleeding Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood. What you can expect Before the procedure Surgeons perform thyroidectomy during general anaesthesia. You may have a drain under the incision in your neck. This drain is usually removed the morning after surgery. After a thyroidectomy, you may experience neck pain and temporarily hoarse or weak voice. You'll be able to eat and drink as usual after surgery. Depending on the type of surgery you had, you may be able to go home the day of your procedure or your doctor may recommend you stay overnight in the hospital which provides you best medical services in the hospital for patients in Jalandhar . When you go home, you can usually return to your regular activities. Wait at least 10 days to two weeks before doing anything vigorous. Results The long-term effects of thyroidectomy depend on how much of the thyroid is removed. Partial thyroidectomy If only part of your thyroid is removed, the remaining portion typically takes over the function of the entire thyroid gland, and you might not need thyroid hormone therapy. Total thyroidectomy If your entire thyroid is removed, you'll need to take a pill every day that contains the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid). This hormone replacement is identical to the hormone normally made by your thyroid gland and performs all of the same functions. Dr Rupinder Bhargava Surgical Oncologist BHARGAVA ADVANCED GYNE SURGERY CANCER CENTRE In Jalandhar
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