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Why thyroidectomy is done? A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as: Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option. Thyroid treatment in Jalandhar Goitre (Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goitre that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goitre is causing hyperthyroidism. Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. If you have problems with anti-thyroid drugs and don't want radioactive iodine therapy, thyroidectomy may be an option. Thyroidectomy specialist in Jalandhar Risks Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications. Potential complications include: Bleeding Infection Airway obstruction caused by bleeding Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood. What you can expect Before the procedure Surgeons perform thyroidectomy during general anaesthesia. You may have a drain under the incision in your neck. This drain is usually removed the morning after surgery. After a thyroidectomy, you may experience neck pain and temporarily hoarse or weak voice. You'll be able to eat and drink as usual after surgery. Depending on the type of surgery you had, you may be able to go home the day of your procedure or your doctor may recommend you stay overnight in the hospital which provides you best medical services in the hospital for patients in Jalandhar . When you go home, you can usually return to your regular activities. Wait at least 10 days to two weeks before doing anything vigorous. Results The long-term effects of thyroidectomy depend on how much of the thyroid is removed. Partial thyroidectomy If only part of your thyroid is removed, the remaining portion typically takes over the function of the entire thyroid gland, and you might not need thyroid hormone therapy. Total thyroidectomy If your entire thyroid is removed, you'll need to take a pill every day that contains the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid). This hormone replacement is identical to the hormone normally made by your thyroid gland and performs all of the same functions. Dr Rupinder Bhargava Surgical Oncologist BHARGAVA ADVANCED GYNE SURGERY CANCER CENTRE In Jalandhar
What is the pancreas? The pancreas is a 6-inch long organ located behind the stomach in the back of the abdomen. It is spongy and shaped somewhat like a fish, extended horizontally across the abdomen. The head of the pancreas is on the right side of the abdomen where the stomach is attached to the first part of the small intestine (the duodenum). The tail of the pancreas - its narrowest part - extends to the left side of the abdomen next to the spleen. The pancreas contains exocrine and endocrine glands that create pancreatic juices, hormones, and insulin. Pancreatic juices, or enzymes, made by the exocrine glands are released into the intestines by way of a series of ducts in order to help digest fat, proteins, and carbohydrates. Over 95% of the pancreas is made up of exocrine glands and ducts. The endocrine cells are arranged in small clusters called islets of Langerhans, which release insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream. These two hormones manage levels of sugar in the blood. When they are not working properly, the result is often diabetes. Pancreas Treatment In Jalandhar ________________________________________ Classification of pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer is categorized depending on whether it affects the exocrine or endocrine functions of the pancreas. There is an important distinction between the two broad types of pancreatic cancer because they have different risk factors, causes, symptoms, diagnostic tests, treatments, and prognoses. A CT scan of the pancreas. Tumors that affect the exocrine functions are the most common type of pancreatic cancer. Sometimes these tumors or cysts are benign, called cystadenomas. However, it is more likely to find malignant tumors called adenocarcinomas, which account for 95% of exocrine pancreatic cancers. Adenocarcinomas typically start in gland cells in the ducts of the pancreas, but they can also arise from pancreatic enzyme cells (acinar cell carcinoma). Other types of pancreatic cancers that are associated with exocrine functions include adenosquamous carcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and giant cell carcinomas, named for their appearances underneath a microscope. There is also a disease called ampullary cancer (carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater) that starts where the bile duct and pancreatic duct meet the duodenum of the small intestine. Tumors that affect the endocrine functions of the pancreas are called neuroendocrine or islet cell tumors, but these are fairly uncommon. These tumors are named for the type of hormone-producing cell that is initially affected. For example: insulinomas (insulin), glucagonomas (glucagon), gastrinomas (gastrin), somatostatinomas (somatostatin), and VIPomas (vasoactive intestinal peptide or VIP). Functioning islet cell tumors still make hormones, while non-functioning ones do not. Most of these tumors are benign, but non-functioning tumors are more likely to be malignant, islet cell carcinomas. Cancer treatment Hospital in Jalandhar
Thyroid gland Thyroidectomy is the removal of all or part of your thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a bilobed gland located in front of your neck. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism, from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calories. Thyroidectomy in Jalandhar at Bhargava Hospital Advanced Gyne Surgery Cancer Centre . Thyroidectomy is operation to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). How much of your thyroid gland is removed during thyroidectomy depends on the reason for surgery. If only a portion is removed (partial thyroidectomy), your thyroid may be able to function normally after surgery. If your entire thyroid is removed (total thyroidectomy), you need daily treatment with thyroid hormone. Best Thyroid treatment hospital in Jalandhar
Thyroid Cancer The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ located in the front of the lower neck. It produces thyroid hormones which regulates your body's metabolism, heartbeat , temperature , mood and other vital body fuctions - reaching out to nearly every single cell in your entire body. Thyroid cancer is a malignant ( cancerous) tumor or growth located within thyroid gland. Best thyroid cancer hospital in Jalandhar Bhargava Advance Gynae Surgery Cancer Centre Thyroid cancer treatment in Jalandhar
STAGES OF BREAST CANCER No two breast cancers are same. These are staged from stage I to IV according to extent of spread of tumor.Stage I & II tumors are early breast cancers with high probability of disease being limited to breast. Stage III generally tumor is big or ulcerated with spread to armpit. Stage IV disease has spread to other organs of body and is beyond cure though life can be prolonged and quality of life can be improved. So, no two cancers are same, their treatment may be different and their chances of cure are different. Let us understand the ailment in more details : >Clinical breast examination >Methods of treating breast cancer >Protect yourself from breast cancer >Clinical breast examination Your yearly checkup should include a clinical breast examination preferably by cancer specialist. This is to ensure that cancer is detected early. Starting at age 20, you should have a clinical breast examination every 1 - 3 years. After age 40, have clinical breast examination yearly. If you are at increased risk of breast cancer, you may need more frequent examinations. RISK FACTORS OF BREAST CANCER :Age above 50 years or postmenopausal . :A family history of breast cancer. :Having had no pregnancies or a first pregnancy after age 30. :Obesity :Heavy alcohol use .
CLINICAL FEATURES The conditions may not produce any clinical manifestation. GYNECOLOGICAL : INFERTILITY AND DYSPAREUNLA are often related in association with vaginal septum. : DYSMENORRHEA in bicornuate uterus or due to cyrptomenorrhea ( pent up menstrual blood in rudimentary horn). : MENSTRUAL DISORDERS ( menorrhagia, crymtomenorrhea) are seen. Menorrhagia is due to increased surface area in bicornuate uterus. OBSTETRICAL : MIDTRIMESTER MISCARRIAGE which may be recurrent. : Rudimentary HORN PREGNANCY may occur due to transperitoneal migration of sperm or ovum from the opposite side, cornual pregnancy (ectopic) inevitably ends in rupture around 16th week. Dr Ruche Bhargava Gynecological in Jalandhar
Benefits of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnant Women. 1. Prenatal Vitamins are designed to support childbearing and are essential for babies as well as moms. 2. Calcium is another significant content in prenatal vitamins. It is related with physical fetal development and maintenance of mother’s bones and muscles 3.Iron is helpful as a building block for your bady's cells.It support oxygen and nutrient transport mechanism in the baby. 4.Vitamin increased the large blood volume in the mother and growth the unborn baby. Dr Ruche Bhargava lady gynaecologist in Jalandhar
Breast cancer can occur in women and rarely in men.Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast. Its treatment depends on the stage of cancer. It may consist of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and surgery. Breast cancer treatment in Jalandhar
Maintaining Cosmesis in Cancer in Jalandhar Once diagnosed with cancer , patients suffer at multiple levels and one of them is cosmesis, that is maintaining his or her own body shape and structure as before. The common cancers which can affect cosmesis are cancer of breast , head and neck cancer and skin cancers. Psychologically , women are affected more than men. The main reason behind the distortion of body image is surgery of the affected area and chemotherapy. Surgery can lead to inequality in the shape and size of the organ affected and can be very traumatic especially in cancer breast when the affected breast is completely removed. Second concern is the sudden and complete loss of hair from scalp and eyebrows due to chemotherapy. Nowadays , with the advancement in technology, optimal cosmetical outcome is equally important as the outcome of the whole treatment. The surgical field has narrowed down from complete excision of the breast to only removal of the lump so that the shape of the breast is preserved. This requires a complete team work between the surgeon and the oncologist. Even for patients in whom complete surgery has to be done, breast reconstruction can be done with various techniques. These days, saline and silicone implants are most commonly used as they are safe and give good cosmesis. Plastic surgeons are also more frequently involved during cancer surgeries so that a good facial and body reconstruction is done in the same go. Chemotherapy induced hair loss is reversible and normal hair grow once the treatment is over. Hair loss can be prevented by scalp cooling during chemotherapy infusion. Also regular oil massage and good diet can help hair grow faster. Thus , patients of cancer breast can maintain good cosmesis with proper treatment guidelines and adoption of newer techniques. CANCER SPECIALIST DOCTOR IN JALANDHAR
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