Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly.
Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery.
Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are:
Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control
Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus
Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries
Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes
Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test.
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