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Oncology Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer. Best oncology doctor in jalandhar oncology specialist in jalandhar
Signs And Symptoms of Colon Cancer You Should Not Ignore Descriptions of Warning Signs of Colon Cancer You Shouldn’t Ignore: According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 20 people are at a risk of developing colorectal cancer during their lifetime must get colon cancer clinical trials.. The exact cause of colorectal or bowel cancer is not known. However, it is believed to develop when healthy cells become abnormal and start growing in number and accumulate in the lining of the colon, forming polyps. Left untreated, polyps may become cancerous. As it can be difficult to treat colon cancer after it spreads to nearby areas, it is important to know what the early symptoms are. This can help you seek early treatment and give you a better chance in recovery at all you must do colon cancer treatment options and know early about what is treatment for colon cancer. Here are the top 5 sign and symptoms of colorectal cancer. 1. Constipation 01:02 Constipation is an important sign of cancer in the colon. A 2011 study published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention highlights the link between constipation and colorectal cancer risk. An earlier 2004 study published in the European Journal of Cancer supported the hypothesis that constipation or laxative use increases the risk of colon cancer. A tumor present at the far end of the colon can make it very difficult to eliminate waste products, thereby causing constipation. If you persistently have fewer bowel movements per week, without any prior problem of constipation, consult your doctor to find out the exact cause. 2. Diarrhea 01:59 If you suffer from diarrhea for more than a couple of weeks, it may be an early symptom of colon cancer. When a tumor partially obstructs the bowel, it can cause alternating constipation and diarrhea due to leakage of liquid stool. You may also experience frequent gas, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Plus, a tumor may irritate or narrow the lining of the intestine. It is important to consult your doctor when you have diarrhea that lasts more than a few days, as it can lead to dehydration, drain your body of nutrients and signal other serious problems, such as cancer. 3. Blood in Stools 02:35 Most often, blood in the stool is due to piles (hemorrhoids), where the veins in the back passage become fragile and cause a little bleeding during a bowel movement. This type of bleeding is generally red. However, if you notice dark red or black blood in your stool, it can be a sign of cancer, such as bowel, rectal or colon cancer. It can also be due to a stomach ulcer. Whether bleeding is due to piles, a stomach ulcer or cancer, it’s important to get it checked by a doctor. Proper diagnosis is essential for appropriate treatment. 4. Constant Feeling of a Bowel Movement 03:25 If you have a constant feeling of urgently needing to have a bowel movement or to strain but no stool is passed, it is not a good sign. This feeling can occur even after having a bowel movement. Changes in your pattern of bowel movements can be a sign of colon cancer. It can occur when a tumor blocks the bowel and prevents you from completely emptying your bowels. If you persistently have the sensation of incomplete evacuation after a bowel movement, discuss the problem with your doctor. 5. Narrow Stools 04:16 Thin, narrow stools are also a warning of possible colon cancer. A tumor present in the left side of the colon obstructs the passageway and often leads to narrow stools. Do not delay discussing any change in your stools with your doctor. Diverticulitis and anal cancer can also cause narrowing of the stools. Colon Cancer treatment in Jalandhar
Precautions to be taken to avoid cancer of the skin • Dark coloured moles and warts that become itchy or bleed or ulcerate should be removed. • Recurrent blisters on the lip should be carefully examined. • Fair-skinned people should avoid overexposure to direct sun-rays. • Keep skin clean at all times. Cancer control • Most important is prevention of cancer by change of lifestyles. • Complete annual physical examination should be done regularly. Women over 35 years of age should be examined once a year. • Prompt visit to physician when suspicious signs or symptoms appear. • Confirming diagnosis at the earliest followed by adequate treatment. • Educate yourself. Knowledge of the character of cancer, its causes, mode of spread are critical • Value early diagnosis and adequate treatment as a means of protection. Skin Cancer Treatment In Jalandhar Best Cancer doctor In Jalandhar
CERVIX CANCER We are committed to create awareness on cervical cancer prevention,  early detection and treatment, including: Educating + Inform women of importance of regular gynecological examinations. + Inform the public about the risk factors, the possibilities and the consequences of the treatment.  + Emphasise the high incidence of cervical cancer, especially in older women.  + Reduce the incidence of cervical cancer Treatment Cervix Cancer when diagnosed at early stage can be effectively treated with surgery, LAPAROSCOPIC RADICAL HYSTERECTOMY resulting in quick recovery. Bhargava Hospital is pioneer in offering advanced laparoscopic surgery in all types of gynecological cancerous and noncancerous problems.
Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus). The HPV test can identify high-risk HPV before cancer develops. 💥Know the Facts: HPV + Your Health💥: • The human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual intercourse or direct genital contact with an infected partner. • Even if you’re not currently infected with the virus, chances are you have been. An estimated 75 to 80 percent of adults (men and women) have had the virus by the time they are 50. • Most of the time, your immune system fights off the virus just as it does a cold or flu virus. In fact, 75 to 90 percent of HPV infections disappear within a year. • High-risk HPV infections do not cause symptoms, and cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is at a very advanced stage. • High-risk HPV can only be detected with an HPV test. What does a positive HPV test result mean? • First, it does not mean you have cervical cancer. • If your Pap test is normal but you have HPV, your health care provider canmonitor you so that any cell changes can be caught early, before they causeproblems. • If you test positive for HPV two times in a row, even if your Pap test is normal, you will need additional tests. • While there is no way to get rid of the virus itself, the abnormal cells can betreated, preventing them from becoming cancerous. Preventing Cervical Cancer: An Ages and Stages Guide Protect yourself against cervical cancer by knowing which prevention strategy to choose and when. Here’s a quick look: HPV Vaccine: • Highly effective in protecting against the most common types of HPV that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer. • Recommended for girls ages 11 and 12, although it is approved for girls and young women ages 9 to 26. Ideally, the vaccine should be given before a girl or woman becomes sexually active. Pap Test: • Evaluates cells from the cervix for abnormalities, including precancerous and cancerous changes. • Women 21 and older should have Pap tests regularly. HPV Test: • Detects the high-risk types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer before cervical disease or cancer develops. • When combined with a Pap test, the HPV test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone. • Recommended for women 30 years of age and older. Identifying the virus in younger women wouldn’t be helpful because HPV is so common and cervical cancer so rare in younger women. If you are age 30 or older, schedule your HPV test today! Cancer Specialist In Jalandhar Best Oncologist in Jalandhar
Gynecologic oncology Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers.The gynaecological oncology aspect of CGNOC covers systematic reviews in the following topic areas: • Uterine cervix • Body of uterus • Vagina/fallopian tube • Ovary • Chorioncarcinoma • Vulva • Prevention • Screening for pre-malignant changes • Strategies for early detection of cancer • Treatment of early disease • Treatment of late disease Gynecologic oncology hospital in jalandhar Gynecologic oncology doctor in jalandhar Gynecologic oncology treatment in jalandhar
Gynecologic oncology Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers.The gynaecological oncology aspect of CGNOC covers systematic reviews in the following topic areas: • Uterine cervix • Body of uterus • Vagina/fallopian tube • Ovary • Chorioncarcinoma • Vulva • Prevention • Screening for pre-malignant changes • Strategies for early detection of cancer • Treatment of early disease • Treatment of late disease Gynecologic oncology hospital in jalandhar Gynecologic oncology doctor in jalandhar Gynecologic oncology treatment in jalandhar
TESTICULAR CANCER Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination. Symptoms • A n enlarged testicle or a small lump or area of hardness are the first signs of testicular cancer • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts • Back pain Cancer usually affects only one testicle. Causes It's not clear what causes testicular cancer in most cases. Doctors know that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities, causing this growth to get out of control — these cancer cells continue dividing even when new cells aren't needed. The accumulating cells form a mass in the testicle. Nearly all testicular cancers begin in the germ cells — the cells in the testicles that produce immature sperm. What causes germ cells to become abnormal and develop into cancer isn't known. Risk factors Factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer include: • An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism). The testes form in the abdominal area during fetal development and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Men who have a testicle that never descended are at greater risk of testicular cancer than are men whose testicles descended normally. • Abnormal testicle development. Conditions that cause testicles to develop abnormally, such as Klinefelter syndrome, may increase your risk of testicular cancer. • Family history. If family members have had testicular cancer, you may have an increased risk. • Age. Testicular cancer affects teens and younger men, particularly those between ages 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age. • Race. Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in black men. Prevention There's no way to prevent testicular cancer. Self-examinations to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. Diagnosis In some cases men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, your doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam. To determine whether a lump is testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend: • Ultrasound. An ultrasound test can help your doctor determine the nature of any testicular lumps, such as whether the lumps are solid or fluid-filled. An ultrasound also tells your doctor whether lumps are inside or outside of the testicle. • Blood tests Type of cancer Your extracted testicle will be analyzed to determine the type of testicular cancer. The type of testicular cancer you have determines your treatment and your prognosis. In general, there are two types of testicular cancer: • Seminoma. Seminoma tumors occur in all age groups, but if an older man develops testicular cancer, it is more likely to be seminoma. Seminomas, in general, aren't as aggressive as nonseminomas. • Nonseminoma. Nonseminoma tumors tend to develop earlier in life and grow and spread rapidly. Several different types of nonseminoma tumors exist, including choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma and yolk sac tumor. Staging the cancer Once your doctor confirms your diagnosis, the next step is to determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. To determine whether cancer has spread outside of your testicle, you may undergo: • Computerized tomography (CT) scan • Blood tests. After these tests, your testicular cancer is assigned a stage. The stage helps determine what treatments are best for you. The stages of testicular cancer are indicated by Roman numerals that range from 0 to III, with the lowest stages indicating cancer that is limited to the area around the testicle. By stage III, the cancer is considered advanced and may have spread to other areas of the body, such as the lungs. Treatment The options for treating testicular cancer depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, overall health. • Surgery to remove your testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary treatment for nearly all stages and types of testicular cancer. • Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection) • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is a treatment option that's sometimes used in people who have the seminoma type of testicular cancer. • Chemotherapy treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs travel throughout your body to kill cancer cells that may have migrated from the original tumor. Side effects of chemotherapy are depend on the specific drugs being used. Ask your doctor what to expect. Common side effects include • Fatigue, nausea, hair loss and an increased risk of infection. There are medications and treatments available that reduce some of the side effects of chemotherapy. • Chemotherapy may also lead to infertility in some men, which can be permanent in some cases. Talk to your doctor about your options for preserving your sperm before beginning chemotherapy. TESTICULAR CANCER TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR
Surgical Oncology Surgical oncology is a speciality which focuses on the surgical management of cancer. Surgical oncologists are trained and experienced in the multimodality treatment approach that involves prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Surgery forms the backbone of treatment in most solid tumors. GIT Oncology : Surgical Procedures Upper GI: Total Gastrectomy + D2 dissection, Extended Total Gastrectomy + D2 dissection, Transhiatalesophagectomy, Distal Gastrectomy + D2 dissection. Hepato-pancreatico-biliary: Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Distal pancreaticosplenectomy, Resection of Klatskin's tumor, Liver resections, Radical Cholecystectomy, Portal vein/SMV resection for Pancreatic tumors Lower GI: Small bowel resections, Hemicolectomy, Anterior resection, Low anterior resection, Intersphincteric resections, Total proctocolectomy, Abdominoperineal resection, Extralevatorabdominoperineal excision, Pelvic exenteration, Trans anal endoscopic microsurgery(TEM), Laparoscopic colorectal surgeries Peritonectomy + HIPEC for Pseudomyxomaperitonei, Peritoneal mesothelioma, Colorectal primaries. Git Oncology in Jalandhar Surgical oncology in Jalandhar
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