Every woman experiences pelvic pain due to one or other reason many times in their life. Sometimes pelvic pain may be hinting towards a major disorder, while other times it may be part of a normal menstrual cycle. Here you can read the possible causes and treatment of pelvic pain.
What is pelvic pain?
As you know, pelvic region refers to the organs in your lower abdomen. Organs in your pelvic area include womb, bowel, bladder, fallopian tube, cervix, vagina ovaries etc. A pelvic pain occurs due to irregularities or dysfunction of any of these organs. The pain in the pelvic region may be acute or chronic.
What causes pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain may be caused by any disorder, infection or condition related to urinary, reproductive or digestive system in woman. Pelvic pain is one of the major symptoms of diseases affecting the reproductive system in woman. It includes:
Endometriosis: A common gynaecological disorder in which the endometrium (uterine lining) grows outside the uterine cavity.
Dysmenorrhoea: The menstrual cramps accompanying the periods may turn severe in women sometimes.
Ovarian torsion: Twisting or rupturing of the ovary caused by ovarian masses or cysts.
Uterine fibroids: Non-cancerous tumours that grow inside the female reproductive system leading to heavy bleeding
Ovarian/cervical/uterine cancer: A cancerous growth in the pelvic region
Pelvic inflammatory disease: A common infection that occurs in the pelvic region
Ovulation: A pelvic pain that lasts for a few hours may occur when the egg is released from the ovaries.
Ectopic pregnancy: A condition in which the fertilised egg attaches itself anywhere outside the uterus and begins to develop.
Miscarriage during pregnancy: Loss of pregnancy in the initial 24 weeks.
Premature labour: Labour occurring before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Placental Abruption: An emergency condition in which the placenta detaches from the uterus partially or wholly, before the baby is born.
Chronic pelvic pain: The pain which lasts for more than six months. It can be caused due to history of accidents, physical abuse, chronic stress or depression etc.
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