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CERVICAL CANCER

WHAT IS CERVICAL CANCER? Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later. When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. The cervix connects the vagina (the birth canal) to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus (or womb) is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Cervical cancer is the easiest gynecologic cancer to prevent with regular screening tests and follow-up . It also is highly curable when found and treated early. WHO GETS CERVICAL CANCER? All women are at risk for cervical cancer. It occurs most often in women over age 30. Each year, approximately 12, 000 women in the United States get cervical cancer. The human papilla virus (HPV)is the main cause of cervical cancer.HPV is a common virus that is passed from one person to another during sex. At least half of sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their lives, but few women will get cervical cancer. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS? Early on, cervical cancer may not cause signs and symptoms. Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina that is not normal for you, such as bleeding after sex.If you have any of these signs, see your doctor. They may because by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see your doctor. Are there tests that can prevent cervical cancer or find it early ? There are two tests that can either help prevent cervical cancer or find it early: The Pap test(or Papsmear)looks for pre cancers, cell changes, on the cervix that can be treated, so that cervical cancer is prevented.The Pap test also can find cervical cancer early, when treatment is most effective .The Pap test is recommended for women aged 21-65 years old. The Paptest only screens for cervical cancer .It does not screen for any other gynecologic cancer. The HPV test looks for HPV—the virus that can cause precancerous cell changes and cervical cancer. CERVICAL CANCER TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR Thursday | 26 April, 2018 | 05:19 PM preview HEAVY PERIODS Many women think that heavy periods are a normal fact of life – ‘my mum suffered it and I am suffering it’ therefore it is considered a normal part of womanhood. Heavy periods are very common in women, and usually are not a sign of anything serious – but they can cause a big disruption to your life. Heavy periods can cause tiredness from low iron in the blood, or less commonly, anemia (low red blood cells). Best lady gynecologist hospital in Jalandhar DO YOU FIND HEAVY PERIODS A PROBLEM? You may find it hard to judge whether your periods are heavy. Even talking to friends about it may not help. Women often have different ideas about what it means to have heavy periods. Here's a list of things that may mean your periods are heavy. >You use more than nine pads or tampons (or both pads and tampons) on your heaviest days. >You have to wear both a tampon and a pad (double protection). >Your period lasts more than six days. >You have to get up at night to change your protection. >You pass clots of blood. >You stain your bedding or clothes despite wearing tampons and pads. >You stay at home during your period because you are worried about having an 'accident'. >You feel tired, especially during your period. This could mean your body is low on iron. Doctors call this anemia. It happens when your body is not able to make enough new red blood cells to make up for blood you lost during your period. Your doctor can find out if you have anemia by testing a sample of your blood. If your red cell count is low, you may need treatment, such as iron tablets, to help you make more red cells. Best gyne hospital in Jalandhar

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ENDOMETRIOSIS

Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. Symptoms The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time. Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: • Pelvic pain • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) • Pain with intercourse • Pain with bowel movements or urination. • Excessive bleeding • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility. • fatigue • diarrhea • constipation • bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all. Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis. Causes Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include: • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory," experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells. • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty. • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision. • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body. • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus. Risk factors Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as: • Never giving birth • Starting your period at an early age • Going through menopause at an older age • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces • Low body mass index • Alcohol consumption • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body • Uterine abnormalities Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen. Complications • Impaired fertility. Diagnosis • Pelvic exam • Transvaginal ultrasound • Laparoscopy. Treatment • Medications : Pain medications • Hormone therapy • Progestin therapy • Surgery

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Lung cancer facts

• Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of APR 25, 2018 Lung cancer facts • Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of "cancer, " we are referring to those tumors that are malignant. Benign tumors usually can be removed and do not spread to other parts of the body. Lung cancer Treatment in Jalandhar

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