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Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus). INR   0 INR  0
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Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus).

The HPV test can identify high-risk HPV before cancer develops. 💥Know the Facts: HPV + Your Health💥: • The human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual intercourse or direct genital contact with an infected partner. • Even if you’re not currently infected with the virus, chances are you have been. An estimated 75 to 80 percent of adults (men and women) have had the virus by the time they are 50. • Most of the time, your immune system fights off the virus just as it does a cold or flu virus. In fact, 75 to 90 percent of HPV infections disappear within a year. • High-risk HPV infections do not cause symptoms, and cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is at a very advanced stage. • High-risk HPV can only be detected with an HPV test. What does a positive HPV test result mean? • First, it does not mean you have cervical cancer. • If your Pap test is normal but you have HPV, your health care provider canmonitor you so that any cell changes can be caught early, before they causeproblems. • If you test positive for HPV two times in a row, even if your Pap test is normal, you will need additional tests. • While there is no way to get rid of the virus itself, the abnormal cells can betreated, preventing them from becoming cancerous. Preventing Cervical Cancer: An Ages and Stages Guide Protect yourself against cervical cancer by knowing which prevention strategy to choose and when. Here’s a quick look: HPV Vaccine: • Highly effective in protecting against the most common types of HPV that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer. • Recommended for girls ages 11 and 12, although it is approved for girls and young women ages 9 to 26. Ideally, the vaccine should be given before a girl or woman becomes sexually active. Pap Test: • Evaluates cells from the cervix for abnormalities, including precancerous and cancerous changes. • Women 21 and older should have Pap tests regularly. HPV Test: • Detects the high-risk types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer before cervical disease or cancer develops. • When combined with a Pap test, the HPV test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone. • Recommended for women 30 years of age and older. Identifying the virus in younger women wouldn’t be helpful because HPV is so common and cervical cancer so rare in younger women. If you are age 30 or older, schedule your HPV test today! Cancer Specialist In Jalandhar Best Oncologist in Jalandhar

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Lymphoma INR   0 INR  0
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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the immune system - specifically, it is a cancer of immune cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. There are two broad types of lymphoma and many sub types. ​The two types of lymphoma are described as: Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's. Lymphoma can occur at any age but is the most common cancer in young people. It is often very treatable, and most people live for a long time after being diagnosed. ​Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system (or lymphatic system), which is part of our immunity. It is characterized by the formation of solid tumors in the immune system.1 The cancer affects immune cells called lymphocytes, which are white blood cells. ​About 90% of lymphomas are the non-Hodgkin's type while about 10% are Hodgkin's. ​Cancer is a group of over 100 diseases, all of which start with the growth of abnormal cells. Instead of dying in the normal cell life cycle, cancerous cells continue to divide into new abnormal cells, and grow out of control. ​Lymphatic cancers are classified by the type of immune cells affected. ​In non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-cells and T-cells are affected - both being types of lymphocyte white blood cell with special roles in immunity. In the US, B-cell lymphomas are much more common than T-cell ones. ​In Hodgkin's lymphoma, the cancer cells are usually an abnormal type of B lymphocyte, named Reed-Sternberg cells. There are many subtypes of Hodgkin's lymphoma, typed by differences seen under the microscope - but a very high percentage of cases are classed as "classic" Hodgkin' Lymphoma Treatment in Jalandhar Cancer Specialist Doctor in Jalandhar

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ENDOMETRIOSIS INR   0 INR  0
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ENDOMETRIOSIS

Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. Symptoms The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time. Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include: • Pelvic pain • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) • Pain with intercourse • Pain with bowel movements or urination. • Excessive bleeding • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility. • fatigue • diarrhea • constipation • bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods. The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all. Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis. Causes Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include: • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory," experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells. • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty. • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision. • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body. • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus. Risk factors Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as: • Never giving birth • Starting your period at an early age • Going through menopause at an older age • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces • Low body mass index • Alcohol consumption • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body • Uterine abnormalities Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen. Complications • Impaired fertility. Diagnosis • Pelvic exam • Transvaginal ultrasound • Laparoscopy. Treatment • Medications : Pain medications • Hormone therapy • Progestin therapy • Surgery

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Lung cancer facts INR   0 INR  0
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Lung cancer facts

• Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of APR 25, 2018 Lung cancer facts • Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of "cancer, " we are referring to those tumors that are malignant. Benign tumors usually can be removed and do not spread to other parts of the body. Lung cancer Treatment in Jalandhar

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Gynae-oncology INR   0 INR  0
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Gynae-oncology

Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers. The gynaecological oncology covers systematic reviews in the following topic areas: • Uterine cervix • Body of uterus • Vagina/fallopian tube • Ovary • Chorioncarcinoma • Vulva • Prevention • Screening for pre-malignant changes • Strategies for early detection of cancer • Treatment of early disease • Treatment of late disease

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Uro-oncology INR   0 INR  0
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Uro-oncology

Uro oncology deals with cancers of the urinary system and male reproduction system. These include cancer of kidney, adrenal gland, ureter, bladder, prostate, urethra, penis and testis. Bhargava Hospital offer comprehensive management of these cancers.Thousands of men and women are diagnosed each year with cancer of the prostate, bladder or kidney, as well as testicular cancer. It can be of three types Prostate cancer Kidney cancer Testis Cancer

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Gastro -Intestinal Oncology INR   0 INR  0
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Gastro -Intestinal Oncology

Gastrointestinal oncology is the treatment of gastrointestinal cancer, or cancers of the digestive system. The digestive system includes the esophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, bowel, and anus. Treatment for gastrointestinal cancer depends on the type of cancer, health factors of the patients and the stage of cancer development. Gastrointestinal cancer refers to malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.

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