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Dysmenorhea INR   0 INR  0
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Dysmenorhea

Today i want to tell you about a very common problem that is #Dysmenorhea. It is basically the pain a female suffers during her menstrual cycle. It can be of three types; spastic, congestive and triple. Dysmenorhea is a common occurence but what are the alarming signs when you should approach your gynaecologist are- pain that starts prior to starting your bleeding and the pain that continues all throughtout the bleeding days and even after that, the pain that compels you to take intravenous analgesic and a leave from your work. The conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroid uterus, adenomyosis and endometriosis have to ruled out so that right and timely intervention make you pain free soon. Gynecologist in Jalandhar

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TESTICULAR CANCER INR   0 INR  0
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TESTICULAR CANCER

Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination. Symptoms • A n enlarged testicle or a small lump or area of hardness are the first signs of testicular cancer • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts • Back pain Cancer usually affects only one testicle. Causes It's not clear what causes testicular cancer in most cases. Doctors know that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities, causing this growth to get out of control — these cancer cells continue dividing even when new cells aren't needed. The accumulating cells form a mass in the testicle. Nearly all testicular cancers begin in the germ cells — the cells in the testicles that produce immature sperm. What causes germ cells to become abnormal and develop into cancer isn't known. Risk factors Factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer include: • An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism). The testes form in the abdominal area during fetal development and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Men who have a testicle that never descended are at greater risk of testicular cancer than are men whose testicles descended normally. • Abnormal testicle development. Conditions that cause testicles to develop abnormally, such as Klinefelter syndrome, may increase your risk of testicular cancer. • Family history. If family members have had testicular cancer, you may have an increased risk. • Age. Testicular cancer affects teens and younger men, particularly those between ages 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age. • Race. Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in black men. Prevention There's no way to prevent testicular cancer. Self-examinations to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. Diagnosis In some cases men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, your doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam. To determine whether a lump is testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend: • Ultrasound. An ultrasound test can help your doctor determine the nature of any testicular lumps, such as whether the lumps are solid or fluid-filled. An ultrasound also tells your doctor whether lumps are inside or outside of the testicle. • Blood tests Type of cancer Your extracted testicle will be analyzed to determine the type of testicular cancer. The type of testicular cancer you have determines your treatment and your prognosis. In general, there are two types of testicular cancer: • Seminoma. Seminoma tumors occur in all age groups, but if an older man develops testicular cancer, it is more likely to be seminoma. Seminomas, in general, aren't as aggressive as nonseminomas. • Nonseminoma. Nonseminoma tumors tend to develop earlier in life and grow and spread rapidly. Several different types of nonseminoma tumors exist, including choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma and yolk sac tumor. Staging the cancer Once your doctor confirms your diagnosis, the next step is to determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. To determine whether cancer has spread outside of your testicle, you may undergo: • Computerized tomography (CT) scan • Blood tests. After these tests, your testicular cancer is assigned a stage. The stage helps determine what treatments are best for you. The stages of testicular cancer are indicated by Roman numerals that range from 0 to III, with the lowest stages indicating cancer that is limited to the area around the testicle. By stage III, the cancer is considered advanced and may have spread to other areas of the body, such as the lungs. Treatment The options for treating testicular cancer depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, overall health. • Surgery to remove your testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary treatment for nearly all stages and types of testicular cancer. • Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection) • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is a treatment option that's sometimes used in people who have the seminoma type of testicular cancer. • Chemotherapy treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs travel throughout your body to kill cancer cells that may have migrated from the original tumor. Side effects of chemotherapy are depend on the specific drugs being used. Ask your doctor what to expect. Common side effects include • Fatigue, nausea, hair loss and an increased risk of infection. There are medications and treatments available that reduce some of the side effects of chemotherapy. • Chemotherapy may also lead to infertility in some men, which can be permanent in some cases. Talk to your doctor about your options for preserving your sperm before beginning chemotherapy. TESTICULAR CANCER TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR

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Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus). INR   0 INR  0
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Cervical cancer starts with a virus: HPV (human papillomavirus).

The HPV test can identify high-risk HPV before cancer develops. 💥Know the Facts: HPV + Your Health💥: • The human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual intercourse or direct genital contact with an infected partner. • Even if you’re not currently infected with the virus, chances are you have been. An estimated 75 to 80 percent of adults (men and women) have had the virus by the time they are 50. • Most of the time, your immune system fights off the virus just as it does a cold or flu virus. In fact, 75 to 90 percent of HPV infections disappear within a year. • High-risk HPV infections do not cause symptoms, and cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is at a very advanced stage. • High-risk HPV can only be detected with an HPV test. What does a positive HPV test result mean? • First, it does not mean you have cervical cancer. • If your Pap test is normal but you have HPV, your health care provider canmonitor you so that any cell changes can be caught early, before they causeproblems. • If you test positive for HPV two times in a row, even if your Pap test is normal, you will need additional tests. • While there is no way to get rid of the virus itself, the abnormal cells can betreated, preventing them from becoming cancerous. Preventing Cervical Cancer: An Ages and Stages Guide Protect yourself against cervical cancer by knowing which prevention strategy to choose and when. Here’s a quick look: HPV Vaccine: • Highly effective in protecting against the most common types of HPV that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer. • Recommended for girls ages 11 and 12, although it is approved for girls and young women ages 9 to 26. Ideally, the vaccine should be given before a girl or woman becomes sexually active. Pap Test: • Evaluates cells from the cervix for abnormalities, including precancerous and cancerous changes. • Women 21 and older should have Pap tests regularly. HPV Test: • Detects the high-risk types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer before cervical disease or cancer develops. • When combined with a Pap test, the HPV test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone. • Recommended for women 30 years of age and older. Identifying the virus in younger women wouldn’t be helpful because HPV is so common and cervical cancer so rare in younger women. If you are age 30 or older, schedule your HPV test today! Cancer Specialist In Jalandhar Best Oncologist in Jalandhar

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Lymphoma INR   0 INR  0
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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the immune system - specifically, it is a cancer of immune cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. There are two broad types of lymphoma and many sub types. ​The two types of lymphoma are described as: Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's. Lymphoma can occur at any age but is the most common cancer in young people. It is often very treatable, and most people live for a long time after being diagnosed. ​Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph system (or lymphatic system), which is part of our immunity. It is characterized by the formation of solid tumors in the immune system.1 The cancer affects immune cells called lymphocytes, which are white blood cells. ​About 90% of lymphomas are the non-Hodgkin's type while about 10% are Hodgkin's. ​Cancer is a group of over 100 diseases, all of which start with the growth of abnormal cells. Instead of dying in the normal cell life cycle, cancerous cells continue to divide into new abnormal cells, and grow out of control. ​Lymphatic cancers are classified by the type of immune cells affected. ​In non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-cells and T-cells are affected - both being types of lymphocyte white blood cell with special roles in immunity. In the US, B-cell lymphomas are much more common than T-cell ones. ​In Hodgkin's lymphoma, the cancer cells are usually an abnormal type of B lymphocyte, named Reed-Sternberg cells. There are many subtypes of Hodgkin's lymphoma, typed by differences seen under the microscope - but a very high percentage of cases are classed as "classic" Hodgkin' Lymphoma Treatment in Jalandhar Cancer Specialist Doctor in Jalandhar

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Breast pain

Breast pain (mastalgia) is the most common breast related complaint among women; nearly 70% of women experience breast pain at some point in their lives. Breast pain may occur in one or both breasts or in the underarm (axilla) region of the body. The severity of breast pain varies from woman to woman; approximately 15% of women require treatment. Though breast pain is not normally associated with breast cancer, women who experience any breast abnormalities, including breast pain, should consult their physicians. Breast pain can range from mild to severe. It may occur: Just a few days a month, in the two to three days leading up to your period. This normal, mild-to-moderate pain affects both breasts. A week or longer each month, starting before your period and sometimes continuing through your menstrual cycle. The pain may be moderate or severe, and affects both breasts. Throughout the month, not related to your menstrual cycle. When to see a doctor Make an appointment with your doctor if breast pain: Continues daily for more than a couple of weeks Occurs in one specific area of your breast Seems to be getting worse over time Interferes with daily activities Breast specialist in Jalandhar Breast Treatment in Jalandhar

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Lung cancer facts

• Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of APR 25, 2018 Lung cancer facts • Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the India and worldwide. • Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer. • Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer. • The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). • The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body. •Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods. The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is around 54% for early stage lung cancer that is localized to the lungs, but only around 4% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer. • • Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer. Lung cancer doctor in Jalandhar • Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of "cancer, " we are referring to those tumors that are malignant. Benign tumors usually can be removed and do not spread to other parts of the body. Lung cancer Treatment in Jalandhar

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Types of Breast Cancer INR   0 INR  0
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Types of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer occurs when breast cells divide and grow without control, sometimes invading surrounding tissue. In some cases, the cancer may grow very slowly while in others, it develops more rapidly. Most breast cancers start in the ducts while a small number start in the milk sacs or lobes. Breast cancer treatment in Jalandhar Breast cancer can be classified generally as follows : >Non-Invasive Breast Cancer Cancer that is confined to the ducts (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or DCIS) or lobules (Lobular Carcinoma In Situ or LCIS). DCIS is considered a precancerous condition while LCIS is a risk factor for invasive cancer. >Invasive Cancer Cancer that has spread beyond the ducts or lobes to the surrounding breast tissue. Generally most treatable in the early stage when the tumor is relatively small and has not spread to the lymph nodes. >Metastatic Breast Cancer Cancer that has spread outside the breast to other parts of the body. If cancer cells are detected in the lymph nodes under the arm, it may mean that it has spread to other lymph nodes and organs such as the bones, liver or lungs. Breast Cancer specialist in Jalandhar

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Bone And Soft Tissue Sarcomas

Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are the main types of sarcoma. Soft tissue sarcomas can develop from soft tissues like fat, muscle, nerves, fibrous tissues, blood vessels, or deep skin tissues. When the term sarcoma is part of the name of a disease, it means the tumor is malignant (cancer).Bone is living tissue that makes up the body’s skeleton.There are three types of bone tissue, including the following: Compact tissue—the harder, outer tissue of bones. Cancellous tissue—the sponge-like tissue inside bones. Subchondral tissue—the smooth tissue at the ends of bones, which is covered with another type of tissue called cartilage. Cartilage is the specialized, gristly connective tissue that is present in adults, and the tissue from which most bones develop in children.

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